THE COMMUNICATIVE APPROACH (CA)

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THE COMMUNICATIVE APPROACH (CA) Learning Theory: Little is known about the learning theory of “The Communicative Approach”. Activities that involve real communication promote learning. Language that is meaningful to the learner supports the learning process. Language Theory: Language is for communication. The goal of language teaching is to develop “communicative competence“. Using the language appropriately in social contexts is important … Read More

THE TOTAL PHYSICAL RESPONSE METHOD (TPR)

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THE TOTAL PHYSICAL RESPONSE METHOD (TPR) 1.Learning Theory:   There are three hypothesis:               A) Innate Bio-program: There exists a specific, innate bio-program for language learning, which defines an optimal path for first and second language development. Children develop listening competence before they develop the ability to speak. They make “a blue-print” of the language … Read More

COMMUNITY LANGUAGE LEARNING (CLL)

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COMMUNITY LANGUAGE LEARNING (CLL) Learning Theory: CLL advocates a holistic approach to language learning. “True human learning“ is both cognitive and affective. This is termed “whole person learning”. A group of ideas concerning the psychological requirements for successful and “non-defensive” learning are collected under the acronym (SARD).                           … Read More

SUGGESTOPEDIA (Georgi Lazanov)

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SUGGESTOPEDIA (Georgi Lazanov) Learning Theory: People use 5-10% of their mental capacity. In order to make better use of our mental reserves, limitations need to be desuggested. Students should eliminate the feelings that they cannot be successful and thus, to help them overcome the barriers to learning. Psychological barriers should be removed. There are six principle theoretical components through which … Read More

THE SILENT WAY (SW) (Caleb Gattegno)

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Embed from Getty Images THE SILENT WAY (SW) (Caleb Gattegno) Learning Theory: Cognitive Psychology is the basis. Language learning is not habit formation. It is rule formation. Language learning has a sequence from the known to the unknown. Students induce the rules from examples and the languages they are exposed to, therefore learning is inductive Language Theory: Languages of the … Read More

THE AUDIO-LINGUAL METHOD (ALM)

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AUDIO-LINGUAL METHOD

 THE AUDIO-LINGUAL METHOD (ALM) Learning Theory: Learning is based on the principles of Behaviourism. (Mim-mem approach). Habit Formation is essential. Rules are induced from examples. Explicit grammar rules are not given. Learning is inductive. Habit formation is actualised by means of repetitions and other mechanical drills. Language Theory: Language is based on descriptive linguistics. Every language is seen as its … Read More

THE DIRECT METHOD (DM)

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DIRECT METHOD (elt)

Embed from Getty Images   THE DIRECT METHOD (DM)     DM was born as a reaction to GTM because GTM cannot prepare learners for real life language situations in which oral communication is the media. Learning Theory: Inductive learning is essential. There is a direct relation between form and meaning. L2 learning is similar to L1 acquisition. There is … Read More

GTM-THE GRAMMAR TRANSLATION METHOD

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Grammar Translation Method

GTM-THE GRAMMAR TRANSLATION METHOD Abbreviations: T: Teacher Sts: Students L1: First Language, Mother Tongue L2: Second Language, The language the students aim to learn THE GRAMMAR TRANSLATION METHOD (GTM) Learning Theory: Deductive learning is essential. First, the teacher gives rules explicitly then the rules are reinforced with examples and exercises. Language Theory: Language is for understanding the literature. Translation is … Read More

SLANG WORDS -colloquial English-

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airhead: stupid person. “Believe it or not, Dave can sometimes act like an airhead!” amigo: friend (from Spanish). “I met many amigos at Dave’s ESL Cafe.” ammunition: toilet paper. “Help! We’re completely out of ammunition!” antifreeze: alcohol. “I’m going to need a lot of antifreeze tonight!” armpit: dirty, unappealing place. “This cheap motel is an absolute armpit!” ass [offensive] (1): … Read More